A traffic offence is defined as an action against the traffic regulations. Traffic offences can be of different kinds (parking offences, speeding, driving under the influence of drugs, driving without a permit, hit-and-run offences, etc.). There are two types of traffic offences: contraventions and offences that are punished differently depending on their degree of seriousness.
More than 26 million traffic violations were recorded in 2018.
Since 2018, several million parking violations (those related to non-payment) have become "post-parking packages" and are no longer counted as violations.
Contraventions (excluding municipal police)
- 19.1 million tickets were issued in 2018. They represent 96.8% of the offences established in 2018.
- 81.6% are speeding or parking violations:
- Speed infringements detected by traditional checks and by the automated control system (CA) represent 75.3% of the total with 14.4 million infringements (-17.2% compared to 2017). 95.0% of speeding violations are detected by speed CA radars (mobile and fixed). The number of non-compliant offences recorded amounted to 718,439 (-9.7%). The speeding violations recorded by the CA are 95.5% of those under 20 km/h. Excluding CA, excesses of less than 20 km/h represent only 16.5%, while 41.6% of excesses are between 20 and 30 km/h, 15.5% between 30 and 40 km/h and 6.2% above 40 km/h.
- 1.2 million dangerous parking violations represent 6.3% of all tickets (-76.8%).
The other contraventions are distributed as follows:
- 1.19 million infringements of administrative rules, down -22.8%: they consist of non-criminal insurance offences, failure to present vehicle documents, vehicle traffic without a periodic technical inspection, non-compliant plates and registration certificates.
- 950,424 breaches of conduct rules (including mobile phone use), up 0.7%.
- 718,282 priority rule violations (down 10.8%): including 446,531 red light violations recorded by the CA (-16.4%) - figure including traffic and level crossing violations, 105,602 red light violations outside CA (-5.7%), and 114,881 non-compliance with the "stop" sign (+3.2%).
- 71,374 contraventional alcoholemias (rate of less than 0.8 g/l of blood), a decrease of -11.0%.
- 461,970 offences for defects in user equipment or vehicle condition decreased by -6.0%, including 152,074 offences for failure to wear a seat belt, 34,701 for failure to wear a helmet and 30,589 for failure to wear gloves.
629,601 offences were recorded in 2018, up 5.9% compared to 2017. They represent 3.2% of all offences in 2018.
Five types of offences account for 89.0% of all offences:
- 174,422 hit and run accidents after an accident, up +1.3%;
- 121,157 BAC offences at the flying, down -2.2% compared to 2017;
- 111,584 driver's licence defaults, down -1.2%;
- 89,642 insurance defaults (+11.5%);
- 63,369 drug-related crimes, up +29.0% in 2018.
Alcohol checks :
9.4 million BAC tests were performed in 2018, a decrease from 2017. 320,733 tests were positive, representing 3.4% of screenings.
- 9.2 million checks (97.6% of the total) are preventive (at the initiative of the police) or during offences. They were positive in 3.3% of cases.
- 78,318 checks were carried out in the event of personal accidents (including fatal accidents). 4,985 users tested (6.4%) have a blood alcohol level above the legal limit (positive rate close to that of 2011).
- 148,174 screenings were carried out during material accidents. They are positive in 9.9% of cases. This rate, higher than that observed in personal accidents, is explained by the selection made for these non-systematic tests during material accidents.
- 148,976 screenings were carried out following the commission of an initial offence, with a positive rate of 23%.
Illegal drugs checks :
- 339,992 drug screenings were carried out in 2018. This number is up +19.0% compared to 2017, in line with the high level of investment by law enforcement agencies in this area. 72,016 tests were positive (28.1%) compared to 56,230 in 2017, a number already up +17.9%.
- 281,357 screenings were carried out as a preventive measure or during offences, with a positive rate of 24.5%.
- 29,229 tests were carried out in the event of physical or material accidents with a positive rate of 4.5% (1,320 drivers tested involved in physical accidents were positive for narcotics), compared with 4.2% in 2017.